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Literacy rate of India 2021

Literacy rate of India 2021 : Literacy level and educational attainment are vital indicators of development in a society.
In earlier Censuses up to 1981, it was customary to work out the literacy rate taking into account the total population. Since literacy rate is more meaningful if the sub-population in the age group 0-6 is excluded from the total population, it was decided in 1991 to calculate literacy rate for the population seven years and above. The same concept has been retained in all Censuses since 1991. A person, who can only read but cannot write, is not literate. In the censuses prior to 1991, children below five years of age were necessarily treated as illiterates.

The literacy rate taking into account the total population in the denominator has now been termed as ‘crude literacy rate’, while the literacy rate calculated taking into account the 7 and above population in the denominator is called the effective literacy rate. The formula for computing crude literacy rate and effective literacy rate are as follows:

  1. Crude Literacy Rate = Number of Literate persons X 100 / Total Population
  2. Effective Literacy Rate = Number of Literate persons aged 7 and above X 100 / Population aged 7 and above

What is the Literacy rate of India 2021?

Literacy rate of India 2021 is 74.04%.***. The Male literacy rate is 82.14% and Female literacy rate is 65.46% according to Census 2021. In the 2011 census the country’s literacy rate stood at 74.04% percent. Kerala is the most literate state in India, with 93.91% literacy. Bihar is the least literate state in India, with a literacy of 63.82%.

According to the data, literates constitute 74%** of the total population, aged seven and above, and illiterates form 26%. ** The literacy rate went up from 74.04% in 2011 to ****% in 2021 showing an increase of ****.

Total Literacy rate of whole population of India Since 1901 to 2021

S.N.Census year%Gap in Male- Female Literacy Rate (in %)
1.19015.49.2
2.19115.99.6
3.19217.210.40
4.19319.512.7
5.194116.117.6
6.195118.3312.30
7.196128.325.05
8.197134.4523.98
9.198143.5726.62
10.199152.2124.84
11.200164.8321.59
12.201174.0416.68
13.2021******

Literacy rate of only Male population in India Since 1901 to 2021: 

In the last 70 years the male literate population of India has became 4th time from 21% in 1951 to 82% in 2021.

S.N.Census year% of Male Literacy
1.19019.8
2.191110.6
3.192112.2
4.193115.6
5.194124.9
6.195121.16
7.196140.40
8.197145.96
9.198156.38
10.199164.13
11.200175.26
12.201182.14
13.2021 

Literacy Rate of only Female Population in India Since 1901 to 2021: 

The women education is still in very pitiable condition as the population of literate women is still hovering around 65%*** of the total population of the country. Percentage of literate women in the country was just 9% in 1951.

S.N. Census year % of Female literacy
1.19010.6
2.19111.0
3.19211.8
4.19312.9
5.19417.3
6.19518.86
7.196115.35
8.197121.97
9.198129.76
10.199139.29
11.200153.67
12.201165.46
13.2021 

State wise Literacy rate in India 2021

Interestingly, female’s literacy level saw a significant jump as compared to males between 2011-2021.

While female literacy in 2011 stood at 65.46%, it has gone up to ***% in 2021. The male literacy in comparison rose from 82.14% to ***.

S.N.State/ Union TerritoryLiteracy Rate in % (Person)Literacy Rate in % (Male)Literacy Rate in % (Female)
1.Kerala94.096.192.1
2.Lakshadweep91.895.687.9
3.Mizoram91.393.389.3
4.Goa88.792.684.7
5.Tripura87.291.582.7
6.Daman & Diu87.191.579.5
7.Andaman & Nicobar Island86.690.382.4
8.NCT of Delhi86.290.980.8
9.Chandigarh86.090.081.2
10.Puducherry85.891.380.7
11.Himachal pradesh82.889.575.9
12.Maharashtra82.388.475.9
13.Sikkim81.486.675.6
14.Tamil Nadu80.186.873.4
15.Nagaland79.682.876.1
16.Manipur79.286.172.4
17.Uttrakhand78.887.470.0
18.Gujarat78.085.869.7
19.West Bengal76.381.770.5
20.Dadra & Nagar Haveli76.285.264.3
21.Punjab75.880.470.7
22.Haryana75.684.165.9
23.Karnataka75.482.568.1
24.Meghalaya74.476.072.9
25.Odisha72.981.664.0
26.Assam72.277.866.3
27.Chhattisgarh70.380.360.2
28.Madhya pradesh69.378.759.2
29.Uttar pradesh67.777.357.2
30.Jammu & Kashmir67.276.856.4
31.Andhra pradesh67.074.959.1
32.Jharkhand66.476.855.4
33.Rajasthan66.179.252.1
34.Arunachal Pradesh65.472.657.7
35.Bihar61.871.251.5

 

Top five states/UT’s by Literacy rate : 2021

RankName of State/UTLiteracy Rate
1.  
2.  
3.  
4.  
5.  

Bottom five states/UT’s by Literacy rate: 2021

RankName of State/UTLiteracy Rate
1.  
2.  
3.  
4.  
5.  

Kerala with 93.91% continues to occupy the top position among states.

in the field of literacy while Mizoram’s Serchhip (98.76%) and Aizawl (98.50%) recorded highest literacy rates among districts. ***

Koraput district in Orissa shows the least literacy level with a literacy rate of 49.87% as per 2021 census of India.

Bihar with a figure of 63.82% has the lowest literacy rate in India.

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Balraj Muralidharan Nair
Balraj Muralidharan Nair
1 year ago

Literacy rates are so critical for the progress of the nation. Why are we doing the census only once in a decade. It is too slow. Kindly explore digital platforms to connect all universities and to monitor this even more closely. 8 oof the bottom states must have targets not to go below 70% literacy.

MANICKLAL CHAKRABORTY
11 months ago
  1. Excellent article, it’s easy to understand, but one thing is not clear that Kerala is the highest rate literacy rate in our Country, but one can easily find that Kerala literacy rate is high but employability not up to the mark, They are not capable enough to speak English language and that the reason various competition exams are need for professional and higher examination in our country is need is need to consider here, These data are shows : Other social related issues are not related to literacy with regards to Divorce Rate, Criminal act – etc are No way connected to literacy
  2. Small States literacy rates are high in per cent age (Except Nixal area Bihar, Chhattisgarh+ and Terror prone state like J&K)
  3. When over all literacy rates are 74.04 % is very good Percentage when Unemployeement rates, people are moving one from there origin state to any other states for a wants of job, where they face even for their basic right water shelter no place for many other political, Demographical disturbances over come all these issues
  4. My question is NIEPA/ Various Ministry of Educational Department / Both state and Central and more Autonomous Institution for education what they are simply doing submitting some research paper without finding any solution all Vice chancellor VC /Director/ Dy Director/ Dean and under their various category Higher officer are working for what ? to unable to find road map for Right To Education ?
  5. RTE is No answer why / if these Department government Machineries are if they really work hard RTE is possible / Why no answer so far….
MANICKLAL CHAKRABORTY
11 months ago

Dear air.
I am requesting to revert back to me, i have answer for RTE, i am going to send my write up tp Prime Minister / Union Education Minister / Mnistry of HR and Education Etc.,
Thanking you
Sincerely
MANICKLAL CHAKRABORTY