The 2021 Census of India also the 16th Indian Census and 8th after Independence. The Indian Census is the largest administrative and statistical exercise in the world conducted once every ten years under the legal provisions of Census Act, 1948 and Census Rules,1990. The Census of India 2021 was conducted in two phases: i) House listing and Housing Census – April to September 2020 and ii) Population Enumeration – 9th February to 28th February 2021.

n April 2019, a data user conference was held and it was announced that 330,000 enumerators will be enlisted and that they would be encouraged to use their own smartphones, although a paper option will also be available, which the enumerators will then need to submit electronically. An amount of Rs. 12,000 crore will be spent on India’s first digital census 2021.

Dr. Vivek Joshi was the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India for the 2021 Indian Census. Census data was collected in 16 languages. The 2021 census of India was the first ‘Digital Census’ by using the latest technology. Census 2021, the digital collection of data through mobile apps.